Scientific Research

The place to find out everything vegan, including the latest research and peer-reviewed findings from the wider scientific community.

A pathway design framework for national low greenhouse gas emission development strategies
The Paris Agreement introduces long-term strategies as an instrument to inform progressively more ambitious emission reduction objectives, while holding development goals paramount in the context of national circumstances.
How predictive and productive is animal research?
It’s more than 20 years since Doug Altman wrote his scorching editorial in The BMJ on “the scandal of medical research” (doi:10.1136/bmj.308.6924.283). Earlier this year The BMJ’s former editor Richard Smith summarised why the same editorial could be published today with little change (, referencing the recent Lancet series on waste in medical research and John Ioannidis’s PLoS Medicine article entitled, “Why most published research findings are false.”
How trees communicate via a Wood Wide Web
A new book, The Hidden Life of Trees, claims that trees talk to one another. But is this really the case?
I feel you: Emotional mirror neurons found in the rat
Study reports the anterior cingulate cortex of rats contain mirror neurons that respond to pain experienced by and observations of others.
Reducing foods environmental impacts through producers and consumers
Food’s environmental impacts are created by millions of diverse producers. To identify solutions that are effective under this heterogeneity, we consolidated data covering five environmental indicators; 38,700 farms; and 1600 processors, packaging types, and retailers. Impact can vary 50-fold among producers of the same product, creating substantial mitigation opportunities.
Only 5 Years to Save the World from Climate Change, Warns Harvard Scientist
The level of carbon now in the atmosphere hasn't been seen in 12 million years, claims a Harvard scientist from Chicago, and this pollution is rapidly pushing the climate back to its state in the Eocene Epoch, more than 33 million years ago, when there was no ice on either pole.
Reducing food’s environmental impacts through producers and consumers
The global impacts of food production Food is produced and processed by millions of farmers and intermediaries globally, with substantial associated environmental costs.
Shifting Diets for a Sustainable Food Future
Installment 11 of Creating a Sustainable Food Future shows that for people who consume high amounts of meat and dairy, shifting to diets with a greater share of plant-based foods could significantly reduce agriculture’s pressure on the environment.
Carrying capacity of U.S. agricultural land: Ten diet scenarios
Strategies for environmental sustainability and global food security must account for dietary change. Using a biophysical simulation model we calculated human carrying capacity under ten diet scenarios.
UK could slow climate clock by converting animal farmland to forest and still grow enough protein
New research from Harvard University demonstrates that the UK would be able to sustain itself and help meet the Paris Agreement by returning a portion of land used for animal agriculture back to forest. Converting land currently used for grazing and growing animal feed crops back to forest could soak up 12 years’ carbon emissions,
World Scientists’ Warning to Humanity: A Second Notice
Twenty-five years ago, the Union of Concerned Scientists and more than 1700 independent scientists, including the majority of living Nobel laureates in the sciences, penned the 1992 “World Scientists’ Warning to Humanity”
Human body ‘close to thermal limits’ due to extreme heatwaves caused by climate change, scientist says
Extreme global temperatures are pushing the human body “close to thermal limits”, according to a climate scientist. Record-breaking heat has swept through Europe this week with temperatures topping 40C in a number of countries
Yes, we can reforest on a massive scale – but it’s no substitute for slashing emissions
Restoring the world’s forests on an unprecedented scale is “the best climate change solution available”, according to a new study. The researchers claim that covering 900m hectares of land – roughly the size of the continental US – with trees could store up to 205 billion tonnes of carbon, about two thirds of the carbon that humans have already put into the atmosphere.
Science Direct
Climate warming during the course of the twenty-first century is projected to be between 1.0 and 3.7 °C depending on future greenhouse gas emissions, based on the ensemble-mean results of state-of-the-art Earth System Models (ESMs).
Scripps Institution of Oceanography
Fast mitigation may still avoid complete loss of sea ice